Type 2 diabetes causes the body not to respond to insulin properly – a hormone that helps the body uses glucose for energy – and the body may not produce enough. This causes blood glucose levels to become too high, triggering symptoms such as needing to go to the toilet more often, feeling constantly thirsty, and blurred vision. If type 2 diabetes is left untreated, serious health complications can occur, including kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease and stroke. So what can be done to keep blood glucose levels in check?
The NHS recommends you eat a wide range of foods, including fruit, vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta, and keeping sugar fat and salt to a minimum.
Eating breakfast, lunch and dinner every day is also important, and meals shouldn’t be skipped.
In addition to three meals a day, a recent trend has seen people drink apple cider vinegar before bed – and it’s been shown to help control blood glucose levels.
Apple cider vinegar has been used for medicinal purposes for hundreds of years.
It’s made my combining apples with yeast to create alcohol, which is then fermented into acetic acid by added bacteria.
Research has suggested consuming apple cider vinegar can slow the emptying of your stomach, preventing large spikes in blood glucose.
It’s also been shown to increase insulin sensitivity which can lower blood sugar.
Drinking apple cider vinegar before meals or before bed may benefit blood glucose levels the most.
One study in people with type 2 diabetes found taking two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar at bedtime for two days reduced fasting blood sugar levels by up to 6 per cent.